Flexible space structures
Agricultural and social revaluation spaces for Mapuche culture
A bridge between the ancestral traditions of Mapuche culture and the globalized world. By studying the symbols present in its architecture, trades and rites, a constructive archetype is created that allows multiple ways to help preserve and transmit knowledge, through a joint experience and the narrative around the spatiality of fire.
The Mapuche are a pre-Hispanic indigenous people and native to Chile, organized in rural communities, with livestock and agriculture being its main activity. Discrimination and marginalization of indigenous peoples is a defect of globalization that points towards homogenization for the dominant culture, without assessing paradigm differences, which generates an intercultural shock. A new relationship between the original peoples and the global society is urgently needed to develop a healthy and harmonious socio-political project aimed at achieving more equitable living conditions, valuing the cultural richness and transcendental values of our ancestors.
From the rescue and reinterpretation of the elements is that a process of cultural reconstruction and preservation is initiated, where a modular construction archetype is created that follows the rules of the Mapuche inhabit. The project covers 3 areas: 1. Context: strengthening the Mapuche orchard (küme mongen), exchange of products and seeds (trafkintu). Promotion and dissemination of trades 2. Architecture: Creation and installation of infrastructure for flexible use (development of trades, food handling, meeting places and tourism). 3. Interculturality: Development and dissemination of a Mapuche tourism model through the on-site learning of culture. The project is developed in Juan Catrilaf community of Pitrunco, a central point to bring together all the communities of its sacred sites near Colico Lake. It’s ordered according to 3 visions: landscape, cultural interpretation of the landscape and land uses. The orchard is the heart of a lifestyle based on natural cycles, from which its exchange-based economic system emerges The construction archetype adopts the geometry and spatiality of the ruca. The module allows combinations of buildings according to the required scale and shape. 5 typologies are defined: 1. "Ruca Trafkintu", an open building, support for inter-community meetings (Trawun), and barter (trafkintu). 2. Gastronomic Ruca, indoor and outdoor spaces for the realization of Mapuche gastronomy and opening up cultucre to Tourism. 3. Crafting Ruca, has the conditions for the realization of the entire production process of plant and animal raw materials. 4. Beekeeping device, a workspace that optimizes the processes. 5. Orchard device: minimum unit possible with the structural module with rainwater collector, working mesons and storage Structures rescue elements generated from the vision of space, in the formation of an evocative atmosphere, optimizing its operation by reason of each activity; A bridge between Mapuche culture and the globalized world, a reconstruction through the narrative around the spatiality of fire.